University of Western Australia
University of Cape Town
MRC The Gambia at LSHTM
Worldwide, pneumonia is the leading cause of death for children under the age of five. It is also known that air pollution can increase the risk of pneumonia in children, but it is not understood how. Air pollution, both indoor and outdoor, is a major problem in Africa, African children may be even more susceptible to pneumonia.
Early work by ReMAC has shown that bacteria in the noses of children differ between those who do and do not develop pneumonia, even before pneumonia develops, and that air pollution influences these bacterial communities. This suggests that the types of bacteria in the nose could indicate a child’s susceptibility to developing pneumonia.